LASICS .::. Open Conference Systems, IAMCR 2010: Communication and Citizenship

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Comparing Journalism Cultures in Latin America: The Case of Chile, Brazil and Mexico

Claudia Mellado, Sonia Moreira, María Elena Hernández

Last modified: 2010-07-01

Abstract


This paper reports specific findings from the cross-national Worlds of Journalism project (2007-2009). Through the survey responses of a quota sample of 300 news media journalists from Latin America (100 in each country), as well as external data-value from news organizations and countries to which they belong, this paper will map the different domains that outline journalism culture in Chile, Brazil and Mexico, focusing both on universality as well as the diversity and the driving forces behind each specific journalistic culture.  At an individual level, the professional roles of the journalists, their epistemological stance towards the search for truth, and the ethical ideologies will be examined. At an organizational and systemic level, this study will focuses on the influence perceived by the journalists in the construction of the news.

 

Cross-country comparison shows different territorial cultures, as well as regular patterns in each one of the previously mentioned domains and levels of analysis. The findings support the hypothesis of differences between western journalism cultures and professional cultures in developing countries, in addition to the theoretical assumption of a hierarchy level of influence, where the organizational, economic and political factors are of a greater influence when explaining Latin American journalistic culture.

 


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